EU-Kommissarin Viviane Reding schreibt US-Generalstaatsanwalt Eric Holder einen Brief.

EU-Justizkommissarin Reding liebt die klare Aussprache. Falls sie es für nötig hält, lässt sie auch schon mal die diplomatischen Höflichkeitsformen beiseite.

Übermorgen, am Freitag, den 14. Juni, treffen sich die beiden zu einem lange vereinbarten Meeting in Dublin. Im Vorfeld platzte die Bombe des weltweiten massiven Datensammelns der US-Geheimdienste auch in Europa, speziell in Deutschland. Die Empörung ist groß, obwohl eigentlich keiner so richtig überrascht sein kann?

Viviane Reding hat politischen Instinkt und deshalb sieht sie vollkommen klar, dass sie in einem solchen Moment keinen gepflegten Smalltalk mit Eric Holder in Dublin halten kann. Also bringt in deutlichen Worten zu Papier, was ihr gerade unter den Nägeln brennt und verlangt von Holder bis Übermorgen klare, eindeutige Antworten andernfalls könne die EU die gesamten nordatlantischen Beziehungen zu den USA einer grundsätzlichen Überprüfung unterziehen. Das sind starke Worte:

„Durch die Ernsthaftigkeit der Lage und die tiefe Sorge die die öffentliche Meinung auf dieser Seite des Atlantiks zum Ausdruck brachte, werden Sie verstehen, dass ich bis Freitag schnelle und konkrete Antworten erwarte. Wie Sie wissen ist die Europäische Kommission dem Europäischen Parlament verantwortlich, das möglicherweise die gesamte transatlantische Beziehung im Lichte Ihrer Antworten neu bewerten wird.“

Die Kommissarin erinnert die USA daran, dass das EU- Parlament alle Verträge über die Zusammenarbeit zwischen den USA und der EU, die zum großen Teil zum Vorteil der USA formuliert sind, überprüfen und neu bewerten könnte.

So liefern die 27 europäischen Länder den USA bilateral paradoxerweise mehr Daten, als sie bereit sind untereinander auszutauschen.

Vivian Reding spricht klar die negativen Folgen der US-Datensammelwut für die Grundrechte der Europäer an. Sie erinnert Holder daran, dass sie beide sich vor einem Jahr darin einig gewesen seien über die Notwendigkeit, den Bürgern ein hohes Schutzniveau ihrer Privatsphäre zu garantieren.

Der direkte Zugriff auf Daten der Europäer auf US-Servern müsse auf klar begründete, juristisch überprüfbare Einzelfälle beschränkt bleiben. Dazu stellt sie Holder sieben konkrete Fragen, zum Teil zusätzlich in a) und b) untergliedert.

Zuerst will sie von Holder wissen, ob von der Spionage hauptsächlich Nicht-US-Bürger, speziell Europäer betroffen seien?

Dann will sie wissen, ob diese Spionage grundsätzlich oder nur in konkreten Fällen erfolgt und welches gegebenenfalls die auslösenden Kriterien seien?

Sie fragt, ob diese Spionage der nationalen Sicherheit der USA diene oder der Auslandsspionage gegen andere Staaten und wie diese beiden Konzepte definiert und voneinander zu trennen seien?

Hier gibt es Seitens der EU seit langem Unbehagen bezüglich der Ungleichbehandlung von EU-Bürgern in den USA und US-Bürgern in der EU. So kann ein US-Bürger in Europa sein Recht einfordern, wenn er seine Privatsphäre verletzt sieht, umgekehrt ist das einem Europäer in den USA nicht möglich.

Reding warnt Holder, dass Fälle wie die jetzt aufgedeckte Datenspionage das Vertrauen der Europäer in die Systeme der Zusammenarbeit mit den USA gerade jetzt unterminieren könne im Gesetzgebungsprozess Europas.

8 Responses to EU-Kommissarin Viviane Reding schreibt US-Generalstaatsanwalt Eric Holder einen Brief.

  1. Volksverdummung sagt:

    Hallo almabu,

    1. Wenn es mit der Glaubwürdigkeit des EU-Parlaments und der EU-Kommission nicht mehr zum Besten steht, dann ist das vor allem ein selbst verschuldetes Dilemma.
    Sollte man die i.d.R. „kooptierten Bürgervertreter“ in Brüssel wirklich an ihre unerträglich servile Legalisierung der vormals illegalen „SWIFT-Schnorchelei“ erinnern müssen?

    2. Verschlüsselung privater und nichtprivater Kommunikation ist politisch doch überhaupt nicht gewollt!

    Christiane Kurz vom CCC hat den Praxistest gemacht. Ergebnis: …Access denied!
    Mit der EU-Kommission ist keine verschlüsselte Kommunikation möglich. Datenschutz gibt es nur auf dem Papier, nicht in der Praxis!
    Welche Interessen vertritt Viviane Reding, wenn Sie JETZT ihre „politischen Instinkte“ bedient?
    .
    QUELLE:
    http://www.faz.net/aktuell/feuilleton/aus-dem-maschinenraum/europa-und-die-nsa-enthuellung-das-praechtige-neue-gewand-der-guten-alten-wirtschaftsspionage-12220566.html
    .
    HESSE
    .

    Gefällt mir

    • almabu sagt:

      Das ist die offizielle Erklärung von EU-Kommissarin Reding:

      Press Conference, EU-U.S. Justice and Home Affairs Ministerial /Dublin
      14 June 2013
      Ladies and Gentlemen,
      As you know, earlier this week I sent a series of very detailed questions to Attorney General Holder about the media reports on the collection of data from Verizon and about the PRISM programme. How do these affect EU citizens right? Are they aimed at EU citizens? What is the volume of the data collected? Do the programmes involve bulk collection of data or is the collection targeted? Do the programmes operate under proper oversight of the judiciary? Is the collection of EU citizens‘ data authorised by a court? And how are European citizens protected, as compared to American citizens?
      These questions matter very much for the EU and for our citizens.
      The concept of national security does not mean that “anything goes”: States do not enjoy an unlimited right of secret surveillance. In Europe, also in cases involving national security, every individual – irrespective of their nationality – can go to a Court, national or European, if they believe that their right to data protection has been infringed. Effective judicial redress is available for Europeans and non-Europeans alike. This is a basic principle of European law.
      I have been asking since a long time already and I continue to ask for full equal treatment of EU and U.S. citizens: Not more not less.
      I have asked these very precise questions in the letter and I have asked them again today directly to my colleague. And I have been given answers and assurances. For me this is the beginning of a dialogue.
      First, on the Verizon question, the information I received today is that it is a U.S. project, directed mainly towards U.S. citizens. It is about metadata, not about content. It is about bulk, not about individuals. And it is based on court orders and congressional oversight.
      Having heard this, I consider that this is mainly an American question – if Eric Holder confirms this.
      Considering PRISM, the U.S. answers to the questions I have raised were the following: It is about foreign intelligence threats.
      PRISM is targeted at non-U.S. citizens under investigation on suspicion of terrorism and cybercrimes. So it is not about bulk data mining, but specific individuals or targeted groups. It is on the basis of a court order, of an American court, and of congressional oversight.
      I hope that Eric Holder can confirm again to you what has been explained during our meeting. Because our assessment will depend on this confirmation on the basis of concrete facts.
      For us Europeans, it is very essential that even if it is a national security issue it cannot be at the expense of EU citizens.
      I have heard the explanations and reassurances and I made it clear that the basic rights of citizens are not negotiable. But that of course security is something governments have to take care of.
      I welcome Attorney General Holder’s proposal to convene, in the short-term, a meeting of experts from the U.S. and from the EU in order to clarify together the remaining matters – and I think there are remaining matters.
      There are still questions to be answered, but this was a good first step – to speak eye to eye on questions which concern many European citizens.
      The PRISM leaks have provoked, as you know, a wave of protest against surveillance and denial of privacy. President Obama has indicated that he is open to the debate. I agree. It is more necessary than ever.
      Fundamentally, this is a question of trust. Trust of citizens towards their governments and to the governments of partner nations.
      This is why I believe that the conclusion of the negotiations on the „Umbrella Agreement“ on the exchange of data in the law enforcement sector is of fundamental importance, and it is urgent to make concrete progress. We have been negotiating – Eric Holder and myself – since 2011. There have been 15 negotiating rounds. But the fundamental issue has not yet been resolved.
      A meaningful agreement has to ensure the full equal treatment of EU and U.S. citizens. A meaningful agreement has to give European citizens concrete and effective rights like access to justice. And a meaningful agreement has to ensure that law enforcement authorities access data through lawful channels of cooperation which do exist between the EU and the U.S.
      Today, I call on the Attorney General to commit to finding solutions on these points, and to do this swiftly.
      We need to conclude these negotiations soon, to give citizens‘ confidence – confidence that their rights are protected.
      This will contribute to restoring trust. It is the basis of both our cooperation in the field of law enforcement and essential to the stability and growth of the digital economy.
      And it will also be essential when we negotiate on a trade agreement, that we have trust at the basis of our discussions.
      __________
      Show additional information
      Reference : SPEECH/13/536 Event Date : 14/06/2013
      Keywords: DATAPRO, REDING, JFRC, SPEECH, COMDOC
      Institution EC
      Publication date: 14/06/2013 15:58
      Last modification date: 14/06/2013 16:06
      Language EN

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    • almabu sagt:

      EU-U.S. Justice Ministerial meeting: 13 -14 June in Dublin
      Reference: MEMO/13/550 Event Date: 13/06/2013 Export pdf PDF word DOC
      Other available languages : None

      European Commission

      MEMO

      Brussels, 13 June 2013

      EU-U.S. Justice Ministerial meeting: 13 -14 June in Dublin

      The European Union and the United States will meet in Dublin on 13-14 June to discuss issues of common interest in the field of justice and home affairs. EU Justice Commissioner Viviane Reding will represent the European Commission, while the Irish Minister of Justice, Alan Shatter will attend on behalf of the EU Presidency, the incoming Lithuanian Presidency will also be represented. The United States will be represented by Attorney General Eric Holder.

      Main Justice agenda items:

      Data protection

      Rights of victims of crime

      Judicial cooperation in criminal matters

      Judicial cooperation in civil matters

      1. Data protection

      On 3 December 2010, the Council adopted the Commission’s negotiating directives for a personal data protection agreement between the European Union and the United States when cooperating to fight terrorism or crime. The aim is to ensure a high level of protection of personal information such as passenger data or financial information that is transferred as part of transatlantic cooperation in criminal matters. Negotiations on an agreement between the EU and U.S. were launched on 28 March 2011 (see MEMO/11/203) and are on-going. The last negotiation round took place in April 2013 when the U.S. confirmed that it shares the EU’s goal of a high level of protection of personal data (see MEMO/13/304).

      What is expected at this meeting? The EU and U.S. will assess progress made in the negotiations and further outstanding issues. Vice-President Reding is also seeking clarifications as to whether and how United States authorities are accessing and processing the data of European Union citizens using major U.S. online service providers.

      Commission position: The European Commission remains concerned by the question of EU citizens‘ personal data being accessed and processed by United States authorities using major U.S. online service providers. The European Commission seeks clarifications on this issue. The Commission maintains that if U.S. law enforcement authorities want to access data of EU citizens on servers of U.S. companies, this should happen though formal channels, notably through the Mutual Legal Assistance Agreement which is in force since 2010. Access through other means should be excluded unless in clearly defined, exceptional and judicially reviewable situations.

      Against this backdrop, the Commission considers that the EU-U.S. data protection agreement, on which negotiations began in 2011, should guarantee a high level of protection for citizens on both sides of the Atlantic. The Commission will reiterate again that the agreement should establish enforceable rights for individuals whose data are being exchanged across the Atlantic for law enforcement purposes and provide for equal treatment between EU and U.S. persons, including access to judicial redress in case these rights are violated.

      Ahead of the EU-U.S. Ministerial Meeting, Vice-President Viviane Reding said: „The respect for fundamental rights and the rule of law are the foundations of the EU-U.S. relationship. This common understanding has been, and must remain, the basis of cooperation between us in the area of Justice. Trust that the rule of law will be respected is also essential to the stability and growth of the digital economy, including transatlantic business. This is of paramount importance for individuals and companies alike. “

      Background: The protection of personal data is set out in Article 8 of the EU Charter of Fundamental Rights. The Lisbon Treaty (Article 16, Treaty on the Functioning of the EU) empowers the EU to adopt rules on the protection of personal data processed by EU institutions, bodies, offices and agencies, and by the Member States when carrying out activities that fall within the scope of EU law.

      The Commission demonstrated its commitment to strengthening the fundamental right to the protection of personal data by proposing a major reform of the EU’s current data protection rules, which date back to 1995 (see IP/12/46, IP/13/57). These proposals are currently being negotiated by the co-legislators, the European Parliament and the Council of Ministers.

      In addition, on 26 May 2010 the Commission adopted a draft negotiation mandate (IP/10/609) for an EU-U.S. data protection agreement in the field of police and judicial cooperation and negotiations were launched on 28 March 2011.This followed calls by the European Parliament for such an agreement ensuring adequate protection of civil liberties and personal data protection (see resolution of 26 March 2009.

      2. Rights of victims of crime

      What is expected at this meeting? The rights of victims of crime are an important part of the political agenda of both the EU and the U.S. With the victims package the EU put in place a comprehensive legislative framework for the protection of victims of crime (IP/12/1200 and IP/13/510). The U.S., in turn, has already a thirty year tradition of statutory and constitutional rights (at both Federal and State level) to guarantee the rights of victims. The aim is thus to bring the two approaches together and establish transatlantic cooperation to reinforce victims‘ rights.

      Commission position: With the recent adoption of the EU Victims‘ Rights package the discussion on the rights of victims of crime could not be more timely. The Commission will seek better ways for cooperation across the Atlantic on both policy-making and on practical solutions to individual cross-border cases. People in Europe and in the United States fall victim to crime for the same reasons and research shows that the same patterns of victimisation can be observed. It therefore does make sense to learn from each other and address the rights of victims in a coherent way to ensure that all citizens are treated appropriately and without discrimination should they become victims of crime.

      Background: The European Commission estimates that in the EU more than 75 million people – at least 15% of the EU population – are victims of serious crime every year. A further 200 million people – the immediate family of victims – also suffer the consequences of those crimes. To help these citizens, the EU adopted a directive that sets out minimum rights for victims, wherever they are in the EU, ensuring that victims are treated with respect, they get information on their rights and their case in a way they understand and that victim support exists in every Member State (IP/12/1200). Another EU law will ensure that victims of domestic violence do not loose the protection afforded in their home country if they want to travel abroad in the EU (IP/13/510).

      3. Judicial cooperation in criminal matters

      The EU and U.S. concluded two agreements to fight crime through judicial cooperation, which entered into force in 2010: one dealing with mutual legal assistance and the other dealing with extradition.

      What is expected at this meeting? The EU and the U.S. will discuss the implementation of these agreements and the further development of judicial co-operation in criminal matters on both sides of the Atlantic.

      Commission position: The mutual legal assistance agreements have been in force for over three years so it will be a good opportunity to take stock of their implementation. The Commission would like to further develop this, notably by developing cooperation among practitioners in the area of gathering cyber-evidence and through the establishment of Joint Investigative Teams. The European Commission will also emphasise that these agreements are useful tools and should be the only channel used for judicial cooperation in criminal matters.

      Background: The agreements on Extradition and on Mutual Legal Assistance between the European Union and the United States entered into force on 1 February 2010.

      4. Judicial co-operation in civil matters

      The Judgments Project aims to establish a multilateral convention on jurisdiction, recognition and enforcement of judgements. The lack of such a system creates legal uncertainty which is an obvious deterrent to international, and in particular transatlantic, trade and commerce.

      What is expected at this meeting? The EU and the U.S. will discuss how to bring the negotiations on a Judgments Convention forward.

      Commission position: The Commission will underline to the U.S. the necessity to cover both the area of recognition and enforcement as well as the area of jurisdiction. The scope of the future convention should be broad to boost trade and commerce.

      Background: The Judgments Project aims at establishing a worldwide system for the recognition and enforcement of judgments. The project is set up under the auspices of the Hague Conference on private international law.

      At the Hague Conference in 2012 it was decided to set up two groups. A working group is focusing on matters of recognition and enforcement of judgments. A separate expert group is exploring the feasibility to include matters of jurisdiction of the courts in the negotiations.

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  2. Volksverdummung sagt:

    Hallo almabu,

    1. Wenn es mit der Glaubwürdigkeit des EU-Parlaments und der EU-Kommission nicht mehr zum Besten steht, dann ist das vor allem ein selbst verschuldetes Dilemma.
    Sollte man die i.d.R. „kooptierten Bürgervertreter“ in Brüssel wirklich an ihre unerträglich servile Legalisierung der vormals illegalen „SWIFT-Schnorchelei“ erinnern müssen?

    2. Verschlüsselung privater und nichtprivater Kommunikation ist politisch doch überhaupt nicht gewollt!

    Christiane Kurz vom CCC hat einen Praxistest gemacht. Ergebnis:
    –> …Access denied! Die EU-Kommission akzeptiert keine Kommunikationstools mit Verschlüsselung.
    Datenschutz gibt es nur auf dem Papier, nicht in der Praxis!

    Welche politischen Interessen vertritt Viviane Reding, wenn Sie ihre „politischen Instinkte“ bedient?

    QUELLE:
    http://www.faz.net/aktuell/feuilleton/aus-dem-maschinenraum/europa-und-die-nsa-enthuellung-das-praechtige-neue-gewand-der-guten-alten-wirtschaftsspionage-12220566.html
    .
    HESSE
    .

    Gefällt mir

    • almabu sagt:

      Sorry HESSE, konnte den Kommentar nicht früher freischalten, denn

      AUF HOCHZEIT:
      Ich hing ein paar Tage in Hamburg rum, bin meist bezecht gewesen
      und konnte meinen Blog nicht lesen.
      Wir haben nicht lang ‚rum „geeiert“ und schlichtwegs Tag und Nacht gefeiert!

      Gefällt mir

  3. […] Reding warnt Holder, dass Fälle wie die jetzt aufgedeckte Datenspionage das Vertrauen der Europäer in die Systeme der Zusammenarbeit mit den USA gerade jetzt unterminieren könne im Gesetzgebungsprozess Europas. Quelle: Almabu […]

    Gefällt mir

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